运行子流程并将输出打印到日志
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我正在寻找从python调用shell脚本并使用日志记录将其stdout和stderr写入文件的方法。这是我的代码:

import logging
import tempfile
import shlex
import os

def run_shell_command(command_line):
    command_line_args = shlex.split(command_line)

    logging.info('Subprocess: \"' + command_line + '\"')

    process_succeeded = True
    try:
        process_output_filename = tempfile.mktemp(suffix = 'subprocess_tmp_file_')
        process_output = open(process_output_filename, 'w')

        command_line_process = subprocess.Popen(command_line_args,\
                                                stdout = process_output,\
                                                stderr = process_output)
        command_line_process.wait()
        process_output.close()

        process_output = open(process_output_filename, 'r')
        log_subprocess_output(process_output)
        process_output.close()

        os.remove(process_output_filename)
    except:
        exception = sys.exc_info()[1]
        logging.info('Exception occured: ' + str(exception))
        process_succeeded = False

    if process_succeeded:
        logging.info('Subprocess finished')
    else:
        logging.info('Subprocess failed')

    return process_succeeded

而且我敢肯定,有一种方法可以做到,而无需创建临时文件来存储进程输出。有任何想法吗?

最佳答案

我敢肯定,有一种方法可以做到,而无需创建临时文件   文件以存储过程输出

You simply have to check for the documentation of Popen, in particular about stdout and stderr:

stdin, stdout and stderr specify the executed program’s standard input, standard output and standard error file handles, respectively. Valid values are PIPE, an existing file descriptor (a positive integer), an existing file object, and None. PIPE indicates that a new pipe to the child should be created. With the default settings of None, no redirection will occur; the child’s file handles will be inherited from the parent. Additionally, stderr can be STDOUT, which indicates that the stderr data from the child process should be captured into the same file handle as for stdout.

So you can see that you can either use a file object, or the PIPE value. This allows you to use the communicate() method to retrieve the output:

from StringIO import StringIO
process = subprocess.Popen(arguments, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
output, error = process.communicate()
log_subprocess_output(StringIO(output))

我会将您的代码重写为:

import shlex
import logging
import subprocess
from StringIO import StringIO

def run_shell_command(command_line):
    command_line_args = shlex.split(command_line)

    logging.info('Subprocess: "' + command_line + '"')

    try:
        command_line_process = subprocess.Popen(
            command_line_args,
            stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
            stderr=subprocess.STDOUT,
        )

        process_output, _ =  command_line_process.communicate()

        # process_output is now a string, not a file,
        # you may want to do:
        # process_output = StringIO(process_output)
        log_subprocess_output(process_output)
    except (OSError, CalledProcessError) as exception:
        logging.info('Exception occured: ' + str(exception))
        logging.info('Subprocess failed')
        return False
    else:
        # no exception was raised
        logging.info('Subprocess finished')

    return True

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