为什么Apache用http监听端口443,而不是https?

我在Debian上有一个Apache 2.4,并配置了两个VirtualHost:

  1. 首先是侦听端口80,以将所有“不安全”请求转发到我的安全VirtualHost。
  2. 第二个是“安全” VirtualHost,正在侦听端口443。

注意:我在文字中使用“ example.com”,但我有一个非伪造的SSL域名:-)

When I test the connection to https://example.com I get an error.
"error:1408F10B:SSL routines:ssl3_get_record:wrong version number" on client side with curl / "ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR" with Chrome
"AH00566: request failed: malformed request line" at Apache server side

When I test the connection with port 443 https://example.com:443 it also results in same error.

When I test the connection to http://example.com:443 (protocol http and port 443) the default index page of apache is successfully shown. .... Although this is not my own index.html which I actually expected. But this is another issue for later.

自上次测试成功以来,我猜想SSL证书没有问题,对吗?

Apache接缝在两个端口上监听:

> sudo apache2ctl -S
VirtualHost configuration:
*:80                   example.com (/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/example.com.conf:10)
*:433                  example.com (/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/example.com.conf:21)
ServerRoot: "/etc/apache2"
Main DocumentRoot: "/var/www/html"
Main ErrorLog: "/var/log/apache2/error.log"
Mutex ssl-stapling: using_defaults
Mutex ssl-cache: using_defaults
Mutex default: dir="/var/run/apache2/" mechanism=default
Mutex watchdog-callback: using_defaults
Mutex rewrite-map: using_defaults
Mutex ssl-stapling-refresh: using_defaults
PidFile: "/var/run/apache2/apache2.pid"
Define: DUMP_VHOSTS
Define: DUMP_RUN_CFG
User: name="www-data" id=33
Group: name="www-data" id=33

> netstat -tupln
(Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info
 will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:443             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      -
udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:68              0.0.0.0:*                           -
udp6       0      0 fe80::250:56ff:fe20:546 :::*      

我的“ ports.conf”:

# If you just change the port or add more ports here, you will likely also
# have to change the VirtualHost statement in
# /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf

Listen 0.0.0.0:80

<IfModule ssl_module>
        Listen 0.0.0.0:443
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_gnutls.c>
        Listen 0.0.0.0:443
</IfModule>

# vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet

我在启用了网站的网站上的“ example.com.conf”:

########
# main config file for my webpage
########

# NameVirtualHost is deprected
#NameVirtualHost *:443

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName example.de
   # this line is masked for StackOverflow due to privacy
   ServerAlias XXXXXXX.online-server.cloud www.example.com xxx.xxx.xx.xx
   Redirect permanent / https://example.com
   LogLevel debug
   CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/example-nossl-access.log combined
   ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/example-nossl-error.log

</VirtualHost>

# Default-Host
<VirtualHost *:433>
    # admin mail given to user when any issues occur
    ServerAdmin dodo@example.com
    # the domain that routes to DocumentRoot
    ServerName example.com
    # alias which also routes to DocumentRoot
    # this line is masked for StackOverflow due to privacy
    ServerAlias www.example.com XXXXXX.online-server.cloud xxx.xxx.xx.xx

    DocumentRoot /var/www/example-homepage
    LogLevel debug
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/example-access.log combined
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/example-error.log
    #<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/ssl/_.example.com_private_key.key
        SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/example.com_ssl_certificate.cer
    #</IfModule>
</VirtualHost>

<Directory /var/www/example-homepage>
    # allow .htaccess files in root directory
    AllowOverride All
</Directory>

编辑SSL日志:

[Fri Feb 07 07:17:37.546729 2020] [ssl:info] [pid 83145:tid 139622694843520] AH01914: Configuring server example.com:443 for SSL protocol
[Fri Feb 07 07:17:37.546735 2020] [ssl:debug] [pid 83145:tid 139622694843520] ssl_engine_init.c(1750): AH10083: Init: (example.com:443) mod_md support is unavailable.
[Fri Feb 07 07:17:37.546943 2020] [ssl:debug] [pid 83145:tid 139622694843520] ssl_engine_init.c(479): AH01893: Configuring TLS extension handling
[Fri Feb 07 07:17:37.547220 2020] [ssl:debug] [pid 83145:tid 139622694843520] ssl_util_ssl.c(476): AH02412: [example.com:443] Cert matches for name 'example.com' [subject: CN=*.example.com / issuer: CN=Encryption Everywhere DV TLS CA - G1,OU=www.digicert.com,O=DigiCert Inc,C=US / serial: 0C9227F96F2A0EFA7B7E6F7391B9EBA0 / notbefore: Dec 26 00:00:00 2019 GMT / notafter: Dec 25 12:00:00 2020 GMT]
[Fri Feb 07 07:17:37.547229 2020] [ssl:info] [pid 83145:tid 139622694843520] AH02568: Certificate and private key example.com:443:0 configured from /etc/apache2/ssl/example.com_ssl_certificate.cer and /etc/apache2/ssl/_.example.com_private_key.key

Please help me to understand why https is not mapped to port 443 and to fix that issue so I can access my webpage with https://example.com.

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