反应-显示“未定义localStorage”错误

我试图通过meta标签使我的网站SEO友好。 我正在我的应用程序中实现服务器端渲染。此后,我得到以下错误:

ReferenceError:未定义localStorage。

请帮助解决问题。

My package.json:

{


 "main": "server.js",
 "scripts": {
  "start-dev": "NODE_ENV=development webpack -w & NODE_ENV=development node server.js",
  "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
 },
 "keywords": [],
 "author": "",
 "license": "ISC",
 "dependencies": {
  "axios": "^0.18.0",
  "express": "^4.15.3",
  "firebase": "^4.12.1",
  "html2canvas": "^1.0.0-alpha.12",
  "react": "^16.2.0",
  "react-adsense": "0.0.5",
  "react-dom": "^16.2.0",
  "react-facebook-login": "^4.0.1",
  "react-google-login": "^3.2.1",
  "react-meta-tags": "^0.3.0",
  "react-router-dom": "^4.2.2",
  "react-router-match-as-promised": "^1.0.5",
  "react-scripts": "1.1.1",
  "react-share": "^2.1.1",
  "react-slick": "^0.22.3"
 },
 "devDependencies": {
  "autoprefixer": "^7.1.2",
  "babel-core": "^6.25.0",
  "babel-loader": "^7.1.1",
  "babel-preset-es2015": "^6.24.1",
  "babel-preset-react-app": "^3.1.2",
  "babel-preset-stage-0": "^6.24.1",
  "css-loader": "^0.28.4",
  "extract-text-webpack-plugin": "^2.1.2",
  "file-loader": "^0.11.2",
  "postcss-loader": "^2.0.6",
  "webpack": "^3.1.0",
  "webpack-node-externals": "^1.7.2"
 }
}

通常在所有页面中使用的元标记。 Home.js

<code>
import React, { Component } from 'react';
import axinst from '../common';
import {TabBox,TabBox2,TabBox3} from '../common/tabbox';
import Ads  from '../common/ads';
import SubscribeFrm from '../common/subscribefrm';
import MetaTags from 'react-meta-tags';
import AdSense from 'react-adsense';
import Loader from '../common/loader';

class Home extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
  }

  state = {
    header:[],
    otherSports:[],
    wizztalk:[],
    sports:[],
    isProgress:'',
    activeCat: '',
    metaTitle:'',
    metaDesc:'',
    metaKey:''
  }

  componentDidMount(){


    // axinst.get('/home')
    this.setState({isProgress:true});
    axinst.get('/home').then(response => {
      this.setState({isProgress:false});
      const header = response.data.data.Header;
      const sports = response.data.data.Sports;
      const otherSports = response.data.data.OtherSports;
      const wizztalk = response.data.data.Wizztalk;
      const metaTitle = response.data.data.metaTitle;
      const metaDesc = response.data.data.metaDesc;
      const metaKey = response.data.data.metaKeyword;
      this.setState({header});
      this.setState({sports});
      this.setState({otherSports})
      this.setState({wizztalk});
      this.setState({metaTitle});
      this.setState({metaDesc});
      this.setState({metaKey});
    }).catch(function (error) {
      // console.log(error);
      // console.log('error');
    });
  }

  render() {
    const hD = this.state.header;
    const sport = this.state.sports;
    return (
    <div id="maincontent">
        <MetaTags>
          <title>{this.state.metaTitle}</title>
          <meta name="title" content={this.state.metaTitle} />
          <meta name="keywords" content={this.state.metaKeyword} />
          <meta name="description" content={this.state.metaDesc} />
          <meta name="og:description" content={this.state.metaDesc} />
          <meta name="og:title" content={this.state.metaTitle} />
          <meta name="og:image" content={process.env.PUBLIC_URL +"/images/logo.png"}/>
        </MetaTags>
</code>
评论
  • 唇齿间的爱
    唇齿间的爱 回复

    When you're rendering on the server, you do not have a browser and thus you do not have access to all the APIs that the browser provides, including localStorage.

    In JavaScript code that is running both on the server and on the client (browser), it is common practice to guard against with an if clause that checks if window is defined. “Window” is the root object provided by the browser for all the APIs that are provided by the browser.

    例:

    if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {
        console.log('we are running on the client')
    } else {
        console.log('we are running on the server');
    }
    

    In your case, you want to put your call to localStorage in such an if clause, for example:

    if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {
        localStorage.setItem('myCat', 'Tom');
    }
    
  • 菊花怒放
    菊花怒放 回复

    You can add a polyfill to your app. I.e. somewhere in your index.js:

    if (!window) {
        require('localstorage-polyfill');
    }