使用提供的代码查找Diophantine方程的解数时,在什么情况下执行带标记的if语句?

使用提供的代码查找Diophantine方程的解数时,在什么情况下执行带标记的if语句?请提供例子 ...

void shift_solution(int & x, int & y, int a, int b, int cnt) {
    x += cnt * b;
    y -= cnt * a;
}

int find_all_solutions(int a, int b, int c, int minx, int maxx, int miny, int maxy) {
    int x, y, g;
    if (!find_any_solution(a, b, c, x, y, g))
        return 0;
    a /= g;
    b /= g;

    int sign_a = a > 0 ? +1 : -1;
    int sign_b = b > 0 ? +1 : -1;

    shift_solution(x, y, a, b, (minx - x) / b);
    if (x < minx)                                //1)when is this executed
        shift_solution(x, y, a, b, sign_b);
    if (x > maxx)                                //2)when is this executed
        return 0;
    int lx1 = x;

    shift_solution(x, y, a, b, (maxx - x) / b);
    if (x > maxx)
        shift_solution(x, y, a, b, -sign_b);
    int rx1 = x;

    shift_solution(x, y, a, b, -(miny - y) / a);
    if (y < miny)
        shift_solution(x, y, a, b, -sign_a);
    if (y > maxy)
        return 0;
    int lx2 = x;

    shift_solution(x, y, a, b, -(maxy - y) / a);
    if (y > maxy)
        shift_solution(x, y, a, b, sign_a);
    int rx2 = x;

    if (lx2 > rx2)
        swap(lx2, rx2);
    int lx = max(lx1, lx2);
    int rx = min(rx1, rx2);

    if (lx > rx)
        return 0;
    return (rx - lx) / abs(b) + 1;
}

...

THIS CODE IS COPIED FROM CP ALGORITHM WEBSITE LINK-https://cp-algorithms.com/algebra/linear-diophantine-equation.html

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