const的值在内存中已更改,但在输出中未更改

I'm trying to write a program that changes the value of a const variable. I know this shouldn't be done this in the first place and I'm doing this just to know how this happen.

我已经读过其他有关此问题,但我不是想知道如何去做,而是为什么它在我的程序中没有发生。这是我写的代码:

int main()
{
    const int a = 5;

    int *pointer_a = const_cast<int*>(&a);

    *pointer_a = 6;

    // Address of a
    std::cout << &a << std::endl;
    // Prints 5 while memory says it is 6
    std::cout << a << std::endl;

    // Address that pointer points too
    std::cout << pointer_a << std::endl;
    // Prints 6
    std::cout << *pointer_a << std::endl;
}

What I noticed while debugging this program is that in fact the value at the memory address of a gets updated. It does change the value of a from 5 to 6.

The IDE (Visual Studio) also shows the value of a to be 6 but when printing it to the console, it prints 5. Why does this happen when the current value on the memory is 6?.

评论
  • 大四喜
    大四喜 回复

    尝试关闭编译器优化标志(项目属性,C / C ++,优化)

  • oautem
    oautem 回复

    It is undefined behaviour to modify a value which is initially declared as const.

    https://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/language/const_cast:

    const_cast makes it possible to form a reference or pointer to non-const type that is actually referring to a const object. Modifying a const object through a non-const access path results in undefined behavior.